American Robin

Turdus migratorius

American Robin (Turdus migratorius) - Adult male


The American Robin (Turdus migratorius) is a medium-sized songbird in the thrush family (Turdidae). It is native to North America and is the state bird of Connecticut, Michigan, and Wisconsin. The robin is a familiar sight in many parts of North America, where it is often seen on lawns and in parks, feeding on earthworms and other invertebrates.


The American Robin is a medium-sized bird, measuring about 23-28 cm (9-11 inches) in length and weighing about 65-84 g (2.7 oz). It has a long, slender bill, a short tail, and a round body. The adult male robin has a bright orange breast, a grayish-brown back, and a black head. The adult female robin is similar in appearance, but her breast is paler and her head is browner. Immature robins have a brown back and a white breast with streaks of brown.


The American Robin is found throughout most of North America, from Alaska to the southern United States. It is a migratory bird, wintering in the southern United States and Mexico.


The American Robin is found in a variety of habitats, including open woodlands, meadows, parks, and lawns. It is most common in areas with moist soil, where it can find earthworms and other invertebrates to eat.


The American Robin is an active bird that is often seen hopping on the ground, searching for food. It is also a good singer, and its song is a familiar sound in many parts of North America. The robin is a monogamous bird and pairs for life. The female lays 3-5 eggs in a cup-shaped nest made of mud and grass. The eggs hatch after about 12 days, and the young birds fledge after about 14 days.


The American Robin is an omnivore and eats a variety of foods, including earthworms, insects, fruits, and berries. It is an important part of the ecosystem, as it helps to control insect populations.

Conservation Status

The American Robin is not considered to be at risk of extinction. However, it is threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation.



American Robin (Turdus migratorius) - Canada


American Robin (Turdus migratorius) - United States

United States

American Robin (Turdus migratorius) - Canada


American Robin (Turdus migratorius) - United States

United States


Species in the Genus of Turdus

Abyssinian Thrush

Turdus abyssinicus

African Bare-eyed Thrush

Turdus tephronotus

African Thrush

Turdus pelios

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

Andean Slaty Thrush

Turdus nigriceps

Austral Thrush

Turdus falcklandii

Black Thrush

Turdus infuscatus

Black-billed Thrush

Turdus ignobilis

Black-breasted Thrush

Turdus dissimilis

Black-hooded Thrush

Turdus olivater

Black-throated Thrush

Turdus atrogularis

Blacksmith Thrush

Turdus subalaris

Brown-headed Thrush

Turdus chrysolaus

Campina Thrush

Turdus arthuri

Chestnut Thrush

Turdus rubrocanus

Chestnut-bellied Thrush

Turdus fulviventris

Chiguanco Thrush

Turdus chiguanco

Chinese Blackbird

Turdus mandarinus

Chinese Thrush

Turdus mupinensis

Clay-colored Thrush

Turdus grayi

Cocoa Thrush

Turdus fumigatus

Comoro Thrush

Turdus bewsheri

Creamy-bellied Thrush

Turdus amaurochalinus

Dusky Thrush

Turdus eunomus

Ecuadorian Thrush

Turdus maculirostris

Ethiopian Thrush

Turdus simensis

Eurasian Blackbird

Turdus merula

Eyebrowed Thrush

Turdus obscurus


Turdus pilaris

Forest Thrush

Turdus lherminieri

Glossy-black Thrush

Turdus serranus

Grand Cayman Thrush

Turdus ravidus

Gray-backed Thrush

Turdus hortulorum

Gray-sided Thrush

Turdus feae

Gray-winged Blackbird

Turdus boulboul

Great Thrush

Turdus fuscater

Groundscraper Thrush

Turdus litsitsirupa

Hauxwell's Thrush

Turdus hauxwelli

Indian Blackbird

Turdus simillimus

Island Thrush

Turdus poliocephalus

Izu Thrush

Turdus celaenops

Japanese Thrush

Turdus cardis

Karoo Thrush

Turdus smithi

Kurrichane Thrush

Turdus libonyana

La Selle Thrush

Turdus swalesi

Lawrence's Thrush

Turdus lawrencii

Marañon Thrush

Turdus maranonicus

Mistle Thrush

Turdus viscivorus

Mountain Thrush

Turdus plebejus

Naumann's Thrush

Turdus naumanni

Olive Thrush

Turdus olivaceus

Pale Thrush

Turdus pallidus

Pale-breasted Thrush

Turdus leucomelas

Pale-eyed Thrush

Turdus leucops

Pale-vented Thrush

Turdus obsoletus

Pantepui Thrush

Turdus murinus

Principe Thrush

Turdus xanthorhynchus

Red-legged Thrush

Turdus plumbeus

Red-throated Thrush

Turdus ruficollis


Turdus iliacus

Ring Ouzel

Turdus torquatus

Rufous-backed Robin

Turdus rufopalliatus

Rufous-bellied Thrush

Turdus rufiventris

Rufous-collared Robin

Turdus rufitorques

Sao Tome Thrush

Turdus olivaceofuscus

Somali Thrush

Turdus ludoviciae

Song Thrush

Turdus philomelos

Sooty Thrush

Turdus nigrescens

Spectacled Thrush

Turdus nudigenis

Taita Thrush

Turdus helleri

Taiwan Thrush

Turdus niveiceps

Tibetan Blackbird

Turdus maximus

Tickell's Thrush

Turdus unicolor

Tristan Thrush

Turdus eremita

Unicolored Thrush

Turdus haplochrous

Usambara Thrush

Turdus roehli

Varzea Thrush

Turdus sanchezorum

White-backed Thrush

Turdus kessleri

White-chinned Thrush

Turdus aurantius

White-collared Blackbird

Turdus albocinctus

White-eyed Thrush

Turdus jamaicensis

White-necked Thrush

Turdus albicollis

White-throated Thrush

Turdus assimilis

Yellow-legged Thrush

Turdus flavipes

Yemen Thrush

Turdus menachensis

External Links

American Robin – Wikipedia
American Robin – Cornell Lab of Ornithology
American Robin –